GMP+ risk communication
08 December 2016
GMP+ International is keen on identifying continuously potential feed safety hazards in the feed (supply) chain. Communication about it to the GMP+ FSA (Feed Safety Assurance) certified companies means to alert them, in order to avoid that these hazards become real risks, and to trigger them to take proper control measures. This is the so-called GMP+ Risk Communication approach. In the future, more newsletters will follow if we like to draw your attention to certain topics.
With this message, we want to draw the attention of the GMP+ FSA certified companies to be aware that that Palm Acid Oils (PAO) from Asia could contain Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME). It is important that GMP+ FSA certified companies active in sourcing Palm Acid Oils from Asia ensure themselves that it is not the case for the consignments sourced by and delivered to them.
POME is an effluent of palm oil mills. It originates via separation from the waste water of palm oil mills. The use of POME as a feed (ingredient) is not in compliance with the production process as stated in the generic risk analysis in the FSP database of GMP+ International (as well as the EU Catalogue of Feed materials).
Acid oils are obtained from chemical refining of crude fats & oils. The description of acid oils from chemical refining in the EU Catalogue of Feed Materials (Commission Regulation (EU) 68/2013), number 13.6.1 states as follows: "Product obtained during the de-acidification of oils and fats of vegetable or animal origin by means of alkali, followed by an acidulation with subsequent separation of the aqueous phase, containing free fatty acids, oils or fats and natural components of seeds, fruits or animal tissues such as mono-, and diglycerides, lecithin and fibres." The generic risk assessment in the FSP database is in line with this description.
POME as such, or oil & fat products containing POME, cannot be qualified as an acid oil and hence cannot be labelled as such. Products like POME are the result of a process that cannot be controlled by measures of risk management. Therefore, the EU has forbidden the use of products obtained from waste water for use in feed (Feed Marketing Regulation (EC) No. 767/2009, Annex III, 1.1). The GMP+ FSA standards make reference to this EU regulation.
A GMP+ FSA certified company, which has information about palm acid oil containing POME has the obligation to notify it to GMP+ International according the EWS system.
In the framework of collaboration with other feed safety assurance schemes in Belgium, Germany and United Kingdom (Ovocom, QS, FEMAS – AIC, EFISC and Coceral) and the Dutch SecureFeed, we intend to harmonize our activities. The mentioned feed certification schemes and GMP+ International will work together with the involved oils & fats organisations, on proper uniform supplementary control measures which enable to secure the assurance of feed safety and feed integrity of refinery by-products including palm acid oils.
Measures certified companies
Suppliers must issue a correct product specification. If a specification does not give rise for sensed deviations in nutritional value and product safety, additional inspection is required.
GMP+ International advises all GMP+ FSA certified companies to make sure, if they buy palm acid oil, that they purchase and receive (only) the right product by:
- Comparing the price with the customary market value. If the price strongly deviates, this may be an indication that it involves a (partly) different product.
- To check whether the feed material matches the details of the GMP+ Feed Support Products, such as (i) correct product name, (ii) product definition and (iii) description of the production process.
- Sampling and analysis regarding the relevant product composition (nutritional values, level of free fatty acids and possible safety risks).